Small Tortoiseshell / Kleiner Fuchs / Aglais Urticae; Syn.: Nymphalis Urticae
The small tortoiseshell is a butterfly (butterfly) of the family of the noble butterflies (Nymphalidae). The name Aglais urticae derives from the Latin Aglaie, or Gr. Aglaia, the oldest of the three graces and the Latin urtica, the nettle, and describes the graceful shape as well as the nettle as a fodder plant. Therefore it is often called nettle butterfly. The butterflies reach a wingspan of 40 to 50 millimetres. Their wing upper sides have an orange basic coloring, with what the wing-base, especially the hind wing, is dark brown. They have a black, yellow and white spotted pattern on the front edge of the forewings and a bruise on the dark brown outer edge of both wing pairs. There are two smaller and one large black spots on each front wing, and only one large black spot on each hind wing, adjoining the dark brown basal part.